Strong slender twigs which hold ornaments well. Dense foliage and symmetrical proportions of the spruce make it a very beautiful Christmas tree. The spruce needs lots of water however, and like all Christmas trees, must be watered regularly to prevent it from losing its needles. The needles are about two centimeters long, and are an attractive dark green. They are stiff and slightly curved and give off a sharp pungent odour when crushed.
The Scots pine, which is the most popular Canadian Christmas tree, is not a native of North America. In spite of its name the Scots pine is found throughout Europe and Asia. The Scots pine is a thick, hardy tree that holds its needles well over the holidays. The colour of a Scots pine is variable; some trees may be blue-green while others are yellow-green. The needles appear in clusters of two, are usually twisted and are about four to eight centimeters long.
The range of the Balsam fir is almost entirely in Canada and stretches from Newfoundland to Alberta. Fir trees hold their needles well and are a good choice if the decorated tree is to be left standing for a longer period of time.The needles are two to three centimeters in length, are rounded at the tip and are a dark, shiny green in colour. Unlike spruce needles, fir needles are flat and will not roll between your fingers. Balsam fir Christmas trees branches work well for lighter ornaments.
Many people think that the graceful White pine is the most beautiful of all Christmas tree varieties, even though its soft needles make it difficult to decorate. The needles are five to twelve centimeters long, are soft and flexible and appear in bunches of five.
Colorado blue spruce, or blue spruce, is an attractive tree often used for Christmas trees or as ornamentals. Needles are 1-1 1/2 inches long on lower branches but somewhat shorter on upper branches. They are 4-sided and have a very sharp point on the end. It is this point which gives the species its name "pungens", from the Latin word for sharp as in puncture wound. Needles are generally dull bluish-gray to silvery blue and emit a resinous odor when crushed. Some trees have a more distinct bluish-white or silvery-white foliage.
Fraser Fir is an exotic tree in Canada but has become extremely popular in recent years. Needles are flattened, dark-green with a medial groove on the upper side and two broad silvery-white bands on the lower surface. On lower branches, leaves are two-ranked (occurring in two opposite rows). On upper twigs, leaves tend to curl upward forming a more "U-shaped" appearance. The combination of form, needle retention, dark blue-green color and pleasant scent has led to Fraser fir being a most popular Christmas tree species. This species has a much longer growing cycle and will therefore be more expensive than some other species.
Very short, very sharp needles
This tree is grown in the west where it is very popular. It is rare in Ontario but may occasionally be found.
Soft needles, medium in length
Soft, long needles with a bluish tinge